It can be financially harmful to borrowers and investors to repeatedly refinance their mortgages, warns Ginnie Mae, a government-backed firm that guarantees government mortgage bonds. That’s why the institution is taking steps to crack down on the practice of “churning,” where lenders push borrowers to refinance their home loans over and over again. Homeowners may be drawn to the idea of lowering their monthly mortgage payments, but multiple refinances can lead to more lender fees and a higher bill in the end.
Ginnie Mae started to take action against individual lenders last year when their activity suggested they were pushing refis on borrowers, even when they wouldn’t benefit from it. Ginnie Mae is honing in on mortgages where borrowers pull cash out of their home during a refinancing. The loan then results in more than 90% of value.